Reading Programmes and graded readers
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A reading programme is designed to impart literacy skills and support independent reading. The ability to read and write affects every aspect of life. From the very start on your first seat in the early learning centre to the boardroom as the chairman of a big company, you will undoubtedly need literacy skills. Research has shown that young learners with superior reading ability generally tend to get better grades and have a healthier self-image.
Reading should be a priority of all learning activity from the very start. There is scientific evidence which suggests that learners who cannot match their reading levels by third grade typically do not ever read on grade level. Such evidence reveals the importance of giving children reading books early. This is where reading programs come in.
Early reading skills are critical for a child’s development. It allows young learners to understand the world around them and how it operates — thereby becoming productive members of society. Communication with adults and with primary resources provides a foundation for reading development. The social environment determines early literacy. Learners must be free to explore and engage with other kids of different reading levels.
Reading at home
At around three, a child begins to show reading readiness. At this age, children also start to try-out with writing, which signals one of the most vital steps of early reading behaviour. Parents and teachers need to ensure that children’s pre-reading practices lead to a love of reading. The involvement of parents in early reading is imperative. If you cannot enrol your young one in early literacy programs, a great option is to practice early reading skills with them at home. Parents who choose to go it alone must be aware of the reading level for books and the book band colours. They must also be familiar or at least find out the reception reading level of their child and where he/she fits in on the PM reading levels. Primary school reading levels colours are an easy to use guide on the most relevant material for your child’s reading level. It is vital to know the difference in content for the material found, for example, in the orange reading level as opposed to red. Research has shown that learners have higher IQs when they get more attention and encouragement at home. Also speaking to kids more produced higher IQ results and school results by age ten.
Reading at school
All schools should have reading programmes. Reading programs are ideal in that they allow the schools to assess the learners and their progress with regards to the school reading levels. Elevating the reading levels of the learners is a challenging task. The right tools and techniques are required to accomplish the desired results. Primary teaching resources are available to help teachers in their work. These primary resources take into consideration the primary reading level of each child. The primary resources used depend on the child reading level. Learners who exhibit a year 1 reading level are given early reader books with children’s stories to read. As the learners progress to KS1 reading levels, the reading levels of the books also changes. Here content covered would typically include books for 6-year-olds to read themselves and graded readers. The purpose of reading programmes is to develop a love for reading and books in young learners. Varied approaches have been employed from time to time.
Reading Programs – Types
There are two main types of reading programs available to learners, namely memorisation and phonics. The more accepted method of the two is phonics. In this method, Kids are taught the sounds of the letters. Learning the sounds made by letters gives them the ability to new words. While there may be a difference in reading programs, there are fundamentals that must be present to ensure effectiveness. a reading program should always cover five elementary components: phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency and comprehension,
Learners must obtain the ability to perceive that words are made up of a sequence of distinct sounds. This truth applies any language that uses the alphabet. Learning phonemic awareness increases the readers’ word recognition ability. It also increases the ability to identify and manipulate sounds when reading. Teachers are also able to recognise any potential issues with reading and spelling. Phonemic awareness is followed by and is heavily linked to phonics instruction.
Phonics instruction entails helping learners understand that certain sounds belong to specific letters. These may be individual letters or particular patterns. This is a useful skill when learning how to read and should be a part of every primary resources reading programme. When learners are taught phonics instruction, it becomes easier to decode text. Children are more accurate when reading, more fluent. Also, it’s easier to understand what’s read when the words are pronounced correctly.
Learners are taught year 1 reading level vocabulary to help them understand words. This understanding allows then to get the meaning of the text and convey meaning. The higher the number of words that a child recognises and comprehends, the more the child will understand the given text.
Fluency is fundamentally the ability to read, speak, and write correctly. A good reading programme should aim to teach learners to read with consistent speed, accuracy, and the use of suitable expressions. Fluency is specifically essential because it is directly linked to comprehension.
Comprehension is understanding. This skill enables the child to get the underlying meaning in the different reading levels text. Learners are taught to take a piece of writing, read it and then narrow down on the prevalent theme. This is a vital part of reading programmes.
Reading programmes are a vital part of teaching literacy. The benefits of an effective programme are far-reaching, carrying on even into work life. A good programme should not ignore phonic awareness and instruction. Merely memorising words in the information age, we are living in will not work anymore. Lastly, the role of parents is crucial to achieving the best result from any reading programme.